The Power of Language

Level 4 learning outcomes

During Level 4, you will learn about rhetorics, figures of speech, debates, negotiations and advanced grammar. The main skills that you will improve are listening and speaking.

You will learn by analysing how other create rhetorically empowered debates and negotations, how to use figures of speech, practice your listening comprehension, and, practice debating and negotiating of your own.

Individually or together with another classmate, you will be tested and assessed by creating and recording a mock debate or negotiation (~4-7 minutes). This has to be a video of yourself.

Lessons - your learning path

Lesson 4-1 is an introduction lecture on rhetorics, debates, negotiations and the way we use our langauge to improve our spoken English.

4-2 covers advanced grammar - discourse markers and question tags.

Llessons 4-3 and 4-4 include learning activities based on the previous two lessons. You get to practice rhetorics, figures of speech and grammar.

Lesson 4-5 features a Mastery test where you self-assess how much you remember from the lessons 4-1 until 4-4. You will also get to practice your listening comprehension by looking at a debate tv-show called The Great Debate.

Lessons 4-6, 4-7 and 4-8 all contain listening comprehension, vocabulary practice and discussions from the tv-show The Great Debate.

From lesson 4-9 until 4-11, you will create your own mock debate or negotiation. These have to be recorded and presented for the class during lesson 4-12.

Purpose, contents and assessment for learning

Language is a powerful thing. When speaking with others, we can either influence or be influenced. The study of language, persuasion and effective speaking is known as rhetorics. Rhetorics can be used to motivate others, as seen during level 1, or as a means to discuss, debate or negotiate with others. Purpose of Level 4: rhetorics and conversational grammar make debates and negotiations more successful and fluent.

A. Debates and negotiations require two speaking parties that present arguments, ideas or thoughts with the intent to persuade the other party into either seeing their point, reaching an angreement or a new situation in order to achieve some kind of change.

B. Modes of persuasion helps us understand how to appeal to our audience when debating or negotiating. Rhetorical devices empowers our language by making it more idiomatic which increases fluency.

C. Conversational grammar such as discourse markers and question tags, our attitude and style improves the converational fluency of an interaction by inviting the other party to respond and easen the conversational flow.

D. Structuring, processing and using technology allows us to pratice for real-life debates and negotiations in social and working life situations. Knowing the rhetorical appeal, style, attitude and grammar makes us more successful and fluent.

Core contents:

  • Spoken language, also with different social and dialect features, and texts, including complex and formal texts which relate, discuss, argue, report, describe and investigate, also via film and other media.

  • Coherently spoken language and conversations of different kinds, such as debates, in-depth reports and lectures.

  • Strategies and modern technology to participate in, lead and document conversations and written communications in various media, such as in work processes and negotiation situations related to social and working life.

  • Use of basic stylistic and rhetorical concepts.

  • Processing of language and structure in their own and others' communications, in formal and complex contexts, and to create adaptation to genre, style and purpose

Knowledge requirements

  • Understanding of spoken and written English, and also the ability to interpret content.

  • The ability to express oneself and communicate in English in speech and writing.

  • The ability to use different language strategies in different contexts.

  • The ability to adapt language to different purposes, recipients and situations. (Skolverket, 2011)

Successful students will be able to:

  • Listen to and describe how to use rhetorically and grammatically empowered spoken English.

  • Choose and incorporate sources in your mock debate or negotiation.

  • Interact with another student (or alone) and record a rhetorically empowered mock debate or mock negotiation, using correct grammar, fluency and a varied vocabulary.