Lesson MMS-4

Welcome! Please consider how your attitude affects your and other students experience of the lesson.

Be respectful, come prepared with relevant material and show interest in order to have the best possible educational experience.

Learning outcomes

During the course of this lesson, you will learn:

  • Identify and structure your own and classmates' speech by using Monroe's Motivated Sequence (MMS).

  • Use speech techniques and inversions grammar to improve fluency and formality.

Lesson outline

Previous lesson: Quizlet.

Part 1: Essential exercises

Part 2: Detailed exercises

Part 3: Critical and flexible exercises

Exit ticket and homework.

Essential exerises

In groups of 4-5 students, take turns reading one the following speeches to one another.

Act out and have fun!

Time for the task: 10-15 minutes.

Albus Dumbledore's introduction speech in “The Prisoner from Azkaban”

“Welcome! Welcome to another year at Hogwarts! I have a few things to say, before we become befuddled by our excellent feast. I myself am particularly looking forward to the flaming kiwi cups, which, while somewhat treacherous for those of us with facial hair... Mm. Yes. First, I'm pleased to welcome Professor R.J. Lupin, who has kindly consented to fill the post of Defense Against the Dark Arts. Good luck to you, Professor.”

Source: http://www.gazette-du-sorcier.com/IMG/pdf/Azkabanscript.pdf

Chief Joseph's “Surrender speech”

“Tell General Howard I know his heart. What he told me before, I have it in my heart. I am tired of fighting. Our Chiefs are killed; Looking Glass is dead, Ta Hool Hool Shute is dead. The old men are all dead. It is the young men who say yes or no. He who led on the young men is dead. It is cold, and we have no blankets; the little children are freezing to death. My people, some of them, have run away to the hills, and have no blankets, no food. No one knows where they are – perhaps freezing to death. I want to have time to look for my children, and see how many of them I can find. Maybe I shall find them among the dead. Hear me, my Chiefs! I am tired; my heart is sick and sad. From where the sun now stands I will fight no more forever.”

Source: https://www.biography.com/news/chief-joseph-quotes-surrender-speech

Winston Churchill's “Blood, sweat, and tears”

“I say to the House as I said to ministers who have joined this government, I have nothing to offer but blood, toil, tears, and sweat. We have before us an ordeal of the most grievous kind. We have before us many, many months of struggle and suffering.


You ask, what is our policy? I say it is to wage war by land, sea, and air. War with all our might and with all the strength God has given us, and to wage war against a monstrous tyranny never surpassed in the dark and lamentable catalogue of human crime. That is our policy.


You ask, what is our aim? I can answer in one word. It is victory. Victory at all costs – Victory in spite of all terrors – Victory, however long and hard the road may be, for without victory there is no survival.”

Source: http://www.artofmanliness.com/2008/08/01/the-35-greatest-speeches-in-history/

Yoda’s speech in “The Empire strikes back”

“No! Try not. Do. Or do not. There is no try. ... Size matters not. Look at me. Judge me by my size, do you? Hm? Mmmm. And well you should not. For my ally in the Force. And a powerful ally it is. Life creates it, makes it grow. Its energy surrounds us and binds us. Luminous beings are we... not this crude matter. You must feel the Force around you. Here, between you... me... the tree... the rock... everywhere! Yes, even between this land and that ship!”

Source: http://www.imsdb.com/scripts/Star-Wars-The-Empire-Strikes-Back.html

Hamlet in Shakespeare’s “Hamlet”

To be, or not to be: that is the question:

Whether 'tis nobler in the mind to suffer

The slings and arrows of outrageous fortune,

Or to take arms against a sea of troubles,


And by opposing end them? To die: to sleep;

No more; and by a sleep to say we end

The heart-ache and the thousand natural shocks

That flesh is heir to, 'tis a consummation

Devoutly to be wish'd. To die, to sleep;


o sleep: perchance to dream: ay, there's the rub;

For in that sleep of death what dreams may come

When we have shuffled off this mortal coil,

Must give us pause: there's the respect

That makes calamity of so long life;

Source: http://gwydir.demon.co.uk/jo/quotes/speech.htm

Detailed exercises

Practice inversions using the activity below. If finished the first within the time limit, keep practicing by using the links below.

Time for the task: 15-20 minutes.

Critical and flexible exercises

Once again in groups of 4-5 students, invert the sentences, discuss them and then create a short inverted MMS-speeches with cue cards.

Time for the task: 20-30 minutes.


Step 1. Rewrite these sentences using inversions.

  • I never leave my comfort zone. (Never)

  • I can speak English and my mother tongue but I can also speak a third language. (Not only)

  • I don't travel abroad very often. (Seldom)

  • I will not lie. (Under no circumstances)

  • I rarely tell my parents that I love them. (Rarely)

  • I will only give money to poverty when I get a job. (Only when)


Step 2. Select one that speaks to you and discuss this sentence with your classmates.

  • Which statement did each of you select? Why?

  • As a group, agree on one sentence that you could make a speech out of.


Step 3. Create 5 cue cards with one sentence each. Based them around the statement that you chose. Once done, share the cue cards in your group and present your mini-speech.


Card 1. An attention grabber + an inversion. Never will you meet a child that discriminates because of someone's nationality.

Card 2. A need. People get discriminated against all the time because of where they were born and it needs to stop.

Card 3. A satisfaction. We will have an equal society once we see ourselves as global citizens - not nationalites.

Card 4. A visualisation. Imagine if we see that we are one people and not divided into ideas that separate us!

Card 5. An action + an inversion. Not until we abandon nationalities will this be achieved - so from now on, call each other Earthlings!


Suggested inversions: only, not only, little, rarely, seldom, neither, nor, hardly, on no condition, under no circumstances, nowhere.

Exit ticket

"From the exercises, I learned .."

Homework