Learning goals

During Monroe's Motivated Sequence, you are going to learn to use the motivational speaking theory Monroe's Motivated Sequence (MMS), listen to motivational speakers and inversion grammar in order to hold a ~5 minute speech. The main skills that you will improve are listening, adapting to theory, speaking and discussing.

You will learn by studying other public speakers, participate in spoken discussions and practice using cue cards to improve your presentation skills.

Example speech

Certainly! Here's an example of a 5-minute speech using Monroe's Motivated Sequence on the topic of reducing plastic waste:


Ladies and gentlemen, imagine this: every single minute, one garbage truck's worth of plastic is dumped into our oceans. That's a shocking statistic, isn't it? Plastic waste is not just an environmental problem; it's a global crisis that demands our immediate attention.


Plastic pollution poses a severe threat to marine life and ecosystems. Our oceans are choking on plastic debris, which is ingested by marine animals and leads to their suffering and death. Moreover, the chemicals released from plastic waste harm the delicate balance of marine ecosystems, disrupting the natural cycles that support life.


So, what is the solution? We need to take decisive action to reduce plastic waste. One effective approach is to embrace a "reduce, reuse, and recycle" mindset. By reducing our consumption of single-use plastics, reusing items whenever possible, and recycling responsibly, we can make a significant impact.


Imagine a world where our beaches are pristine, with crystal-clear waters and thriving marine life. Picture yourself enjoying a leisurely swim without worrying about encountering plastic waste. Envision a future where future generations can experience the beauty and wonders of our oceans, unmarred by the harmful effects of plastic pollution.


To make this vision a reality, we must act now. Here are three actions each of us can take today:

First, let's start by reducing our use of single-use plastics. Say no to plastic straws, cutlery, and bags. Instead, opt for reusable alternatives like stainless steel straws, bamboo cutlery, and cloth bags.

Second, let's prioritize reusing items in our daily lives. Choose refillable water bottles instead of buying bottled water. Bring your own coffee mug when you visit your favorite café. Every small step counts in reducing plastic waste.

Finally, let's ensure proper recycling practices. Educate ourselves about what can and cannot be recycled in our local communities. Rinse out containers before placing them in the recycling bin. By being diligent recyclers, we can maximize the benefits of recycling and minimize contamination.


In conclusion, plastic waste is a pressing issue that demands our immediate action. By following the "reduce, reuse, and recycle" approach, we can make a difference in reducing plastic waste and safeguarding our oceans. Together, we can create a future where our marine ecosystems thrive, and the beauty of our oceans is preserved for generations to come. Let's take action today and be the change that our planet needs.

Please note that the speech provided above is a sample and may need to be adapted and personalized based on the specific context, audience, and purpose of your speech.

Successful students will be able to:

Purpose, core contents, knowledge requirements and graduation goals

“Rhetoric is the art of ruling the minds of men”, said Plato. The spoken language is the tool and the medium for transferring power in many parts of society. Politicians speak in parliament while influences speak to their followers;  it is using the spoken word that we convey our opinions, thoughts and emotions and when someone listens, we create something new through dialogue. Whether or not we speak to change, manipulate or to influence, our words carry weight, and occassionally, the impact makes people change. How does that work? That is for us to investigate. 

You are going to learn how to hold a speech with the aim to motivate your listeners to take action. The topic is of your choice but has to be of a nature where the listeners will practically do something as a result of listening to you.  You will have two chances to perform your speech, one recorded by yourself and the other in front of the class. Both are obligatory and but your first motivational speech is a base for peer-review where you will be assessed by other student.

These activities are chosen to meet the aim of the subject in order to improve your spoken language, interaction with others in speech, adaption of your language to different situations, to develop correctness and to use different strategies to support communication (Skolverket, 2011).

In order to better perform a motivational speech, you will study rhetorics, advanced vocabulary, body movements, vocal patterns, famous speeches and how to record yourself using digital tools. 

Core contents:

Knowledge requirements